Undergraduate Pharmacy Students’ Perceptions of Community and Hospital Pharmacy

Authors

  • Chia Hwei Goh
  • Amal Mohd Nazri
  • Sarah Rajah
  • Angela Stathopoulos
  • Meredith Wiseman
  • Angelina Lim

DOI:

https://doi.org/10.55136/apsj218

Keywords:

Community pharmacy, pharmacy student, pharmacy industry, hospital pharmacy, Pharmacy education, student-led research

Abstract

Background: The pharmacy workforce is changing especially since COVID-19; there are more opportunities in the community sector to entice our graduates to choose a career path in community pharmacy.

Aim: To investigate pharmacy students’ current perceptions towards working in the hospital and community sectors

Method: A survey distributed to undergraduate pharmacy students across 14 universities.

Results: A total of 193 participants completed the survey. Results showed that the majority of participants aimed to pursue a career in hospital pharmacy (50.3%) versus community pharmacy (29.5%). The focal benefits of working in community pharmacy (n=525) were ‘opportunities to improve health literacy and patient education’ (19.2%) engagement in ‘customer services and interactions’ (19.0%), followed by ‘job stability’ (17.9%), whereas the main reservations (n=514) were ‘opportunities for career progression’ 23.3%) ‘remuneration’ (20.0%), and ‘opportunities for specialisation’ (16.5%).

Conclusion: Pharmacy students still indicate a preference towards a career in hospital pharmacy over community pharmacy despite new opportunities, identifying poor remuneration and limited opportunities for career progression as the main reservations for working in community pharmacy. More work focusing on raising the profile and value of community pharmacists as well as evolving roles of community pharmacists may be necessary to attract pharmacy students into the sector.

References

Ward A. National Pharmacy Students’ Survey 2020; The Council of Pharmacy School: Australia and New Zealand summary. In: Association NAPS, ed. Australia, 2020.

Pharmaceutical Society of Australia 2019. Pharmacists in 2023: Roles and remuneration. Canberra: PSA.

Moles RJ, Stehlik P. Pharmacy Practice in Australia. Can J Hosp Pharm. 2015;68(5):418-26. doi: 10.4212/cjhp.v68i5.1492

Toklu HZ, Hussain A. The changing face of pharmacy practice and the need for a new model of pharmacy education. J Young Pharm. 2013;5(2):38-40. doi: 10.1016/j.jyp.2012.09.001

Department of Health Australia: Review of Pharmacy Remuneration and Regulation Discussion Paper; Department of Health Australia; 2016.

Pharmaceutical Society of Australia: Pharmacy as a career. PSA Canberra; 2020.

The Pharmacy Guild of Australia: Community pharmacy 2025: Framework for change. Guild Canberra; 2018.

Balkhi B, Alghamdi A, Alhossan A, Alhamami A, Asiri YA. Pharmacy students attitude and perception toward working in community pharmacy in Saudi Arabia. Saudi Pharm J. 2020;28(4):397-402.

Savage LM, Beall JW, Woolley TW. Factors that influence the career goals of pharmacy students. Am J Pharm. 2009;73(2):28.

Maynard RA, Wagner ME, Winkler SR, Montuoro JL. Assessment of student pharmacists' perceptions on participating in clinical services in the community pharmacy setting. Curr Pharm Teach Learn. 2011(2):123-36.

Kritikos VS, Carter S, Moles RJ, Krass I. Undergraduate pharmacy students' perceptions of research in general and attitudes towards pharmacy practice research. Int J Pharm Prac. 2012;21(3):192-201.

Abu Farha R, Elayeh E, Zalloum N, Mukattash T, Alefishat E, Suyagh M, et al. Perception of pharmacy students towards their community pharmacy training experience: a cross-sectional study from Jordan. BMC Med. 2021;21(1).

Shen G, Fois R, Saini B. Course experiences, satisfaction and career intent of final year pre-registration Australian pharmacy students. J Pharm Prac. 2014;12(2).

Downloads

Published

28.02.2023

Issue

Section

Articles